The history, origin and composition of turquoise stone

Published on : 20 May 20206 min reading time

The turquoise stone, which means stone of Turkey, is a semi-precious stone with the chemical composition: basic hydrated aluminium phosphate and copper. This stone is endowed with curative power that improves health thanks to its virtues in lithotherapy. The exploitation of the stone was particularly known in Europe during the crusades.

Physical properties of turquoise

Turquoise is a non-transparent blue stone, some stones are translucent at the edges. This variety of alumina phosphate, also called old rock, is highly sought after, especially when it is an azure blue stone. The stone is easily recognizable by its celestial blue colour which can in some cases appear greenish.

The specificity of this fine turquoise coloured stone used especially in the making of jewellery is that it cannot melt with a blowtorch and dissolves by dipping it in acid. Dissolving in acids is done without effervescence or residue. In some cases, turquoise that is said to be dead or extinct goes from brilliant blue to term blue. Therapeutic virtues are granted to the turquoise stone.

History of the turquoise stone

The exact origin of the turquoise stone is still unclear. Historians agree that the stone was already known in Egypt as early as 6000 B.C. This assertion can be substantiated with the discovery of an original bracelet decorated with turquoise stone found on the mummy of Queen Zar. This monarch belonged to the first Egyptian dynasty in 5500 B.C. The stone can also be found in the Sinai Peninsula in southwest Egypt. The opaque stone was part of the phosphate class.

The origin of its colour comes from the copper ore present in its composition. The original name of the semi-precious stone is Firuze or Ferozah which means victorious. The turquoise was used enormously by the Persians who used it to make fabulous jewels, nowadays called ethnic jewels. The stone brought back from Iran by the Turks made its first appearance in the West at the time of the barter of the Venetian merchants.

The stone was also brought to Europe during the Crusade campaigns. It was during this historical period that the stone changed its name to Turkish Stone which gave the name turquoise. Let us recall that in the 13th century, the stone was named Callais in Europe. This name comes from the ancient gemstone names Callaina in Latin and Kalláïnos in Greek.

Usefulness of turquoise in lithotherapy to heal the mind

The extraction of turquoise dates back more than 3000 years. Its origins come from China, Mesopotamia, Iraq and ancient Egypt. Today, the semi-precious stone is considered the national stone of Tibet. It has the reputation of guaranteeing health, wealth and protection to its wearer. The turquoise stone is appreciated for its healing properties. The lithotherapists use it to regulate and cure several dysfunctions of the organism. The turquoise stone is granted certain virtues on the mental level. Thus, the stone soothes and calms any form of anger.

It is also used to increase empathy. To develop personal development, the stone can be placed in the throat chakra. This solution makes it possible to obtain letting go and encourages communication by improving the faculties of expression and listening. Lithotherapy experts apply the turquoise stone to the 3rd eye chakra to boost intuition or strengthen meditation. Applying the stone to the heart chakra soothes anger, stimulates love and friendship.

This product, easily available in a lithotherapy shop, helps on a psychological level by bringing a renewal of confidence and by developing communication with others. Thanks to this effective stone to heal the mind, its owner will be able to show empathy, he will be able to find inner calm. This accessory stabilizes the mood and fights against fatigue.

Properties and virtues of turquoise stone on the physical level

On the physical level, the turquoise stone is able to alleviate pain by acting on the body fluid and the nervous system. Placing the stone at the level of the sacred chakra has the effect of cleaning and regulating body fluids such as blood, urine, hormonal secretions or semen. Using turquoise on the heart chakra regulates the nervous system and strengthens the immune system. To reduce the risk of intoxication and excess cholesterol, it is recommended to apply the semi-precious stone on the solar plexus.

By placing the turquoise on the throat chakra, it helps to fight against lung diseases and sore throat. One can also use this stone with multiple virtues to strengthen the body meridians and energy fields. This product sold in lithotherapy shops reduces excess acidity by regulating the diet. It should be noted that this therapeutic accessory is often used by lithotherapists to relieve stomach pain, cramps, rheumatism, muscles … This detoxifying and anti-inflammatory product is known to strengthen eyesight and treat certain diseases related to eye problems such as cataracts.

Composition and formation of the gem

Turquoise is a porous, moisturized and crumbly mineral. Its colour varies according to the chemical composition of the stone. Its composition itself varies according to the nature of the soil where it was formed. This semi-precious stone is composed of approximately 37% Al203, 17% water, 10% copper and the iron ions Fe2+ and Fe3+. The natural formation of turquoise is the result of the slow action of acidic water mixing with copper minerals or luminous rock.

The formation of stone comes from the oxidation of minerals already present in the soil. Turquoise is created on the surface at a depth of less than 20m. Turquoise stone is often found on the surface of copper ore deposits. To extract these therapeutic stones, they are often found in volcanic or sedimentary terrains containing luminous rocks. They can be mined mostly in arid regions.

Different types of turquoise

Turquoise is one of the oldest stones since its exploitation dates back more than 7000 years in Mesopotamia. The colour of the stone comes from the presence of copper. If it is generally blue, some models of stones can have green tints. Concerning the Kingman turquoise, this type of stone is easily identified thanks to its light blue colour and the inclusion of copper in the yellow colours. When cut in cabochon, its shape is similar to earth planets. These main deposits are found in the town of Kingman in the USA.

Turquoise purple is a rare variety native to the Mojave Desert in California. It was discovered during the exploitation of the region for natural resources such as silver, borax and iron. To get turquoise jewelry, go to a lithotherapy shop. There are several lines: purple turquoise charms, silver and turquoise rings and necklaces. The advantage with jewellery is that in addition to having aesthetic accessories composed of a natural stone of an extraordinary blue, the stone allows its owner to benefit from the virtues of protection and prosperity.

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